Produce & Flowers

Black Sun Farm

Owner: Amelia Kellner

Address:
731 Upper Maple St
Danielson, CT 06239
Windham County

Web site: http://www.blacksunfarmct.com

Application Date: 2020-08-21

Applicant Details

Please briefly tell us why you are applying to be part of the Certified Naturally Grown program: *
I have been an organic farmer and only know how to farm organically, but the USDA Organic Certification process is too rigid and doesn't seem right for my small operation.
Are you currently third party Certified for your produce operation by any other organization (Organic, Biodynamic, etc)? *
no
Have you ever been certified in the past? *
no
Have you ever been denied certification? *
no
How did you hear about Certified Naturally Grown? *
Online ads a few years ago
How did you learn to farm, and for how long have you been farming for market? What has prepared you to farm successfully according to CNG standards? *

General Farm Information

Farm Acreage you want listed as Certified Naturally GrownTM:
Total Farm Acreage you actually GROW on: *
1
Number of above acreage that you own: *
most of it
Number of above acreage that you lease: *
.02
Do you have other acreage in "Conventional" Agricultural Systems? *
no
General Listed Acreage Breakdown
Veg Crops:
.08
Fruit Crops:
Hay:
Grains/Beans:
Sugarbush:
Other Acreage:
.02
Please check all items you grow and will market as Certified Naturally GrownTM *











Please Specify Any Other Items:
Please check all markets you grow for (this will be displayed on your farm profile to help potential buyers find you). *











Please Specify Other Markets:

Farmland Management and Practices

Primary Tillage System: *
No-till, raised beds
Do you use Cover Crops? *
yes
If yes, please list: *
Not always, but I occasionally use oats
Do you use Compost? *
yes
If yes, please note general sources (on farm, purchased complete, local grass clippings, local dairy, etc.): *
Our own compost made on the farm with scraps, hay, poultry manure, etc.
Please list application rates. Give a specific amount or range (for example: one to two tons per acre, ten wheelbarrow loads per 1,000 square feet, or 1-2 inches deep). Do not answer "varies". *
1-2 inches deep per bed
Do you use Manure? *
yes
If yes, please note general sources (local dairy, horse farm, etc.): *
Local dairy farm
Please list application rates. Give a specific amount or range (for example: one to two tons per acre, ten wheelbarrow loads per 1,000 square feet, or 1-2 inches deep). Do not answer "varies". *
1 inch deep as needed
What time of year do you apply the manure? *
Usually spring
Do you apply any non-composted Manure within 120 days of veg-crop harvesting? *
no
Please list any other brought in fertility sources that you use (specific rock powders, lime, soybean / alfalfa meal, specific purchased pre-mixes, etc)and how often it's used. If you indicate a name brand product, please also specify the ingredient/s. *
Trident's Pride Organic fish fertilizer, sometimes lime if needed
Have any chemical fertilizers been applied to the fields you are seeking Certification for in the last three years (36 months)? *
no
Have any non-acceptable pesticides and/or herbicides been applied to these fields in the last 3 years? *
no
Do you use Professional Soil Testing services? *
no
Describe your primary weed problems AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual weed challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
I struggle fighting back quack grass most years, but I hand weed all the beds several times per year and use a thick layer of mulch to suppress weeds. The rented bed gets hoed or hand weeded.
Describe your primary insect challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual pest challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
Mexican bean beetles are a problem this year. I have resorted to hand-picking as many as I can find and dusting the plants with diatomaceous earth. Squash vine borers have been dealt with in much the same way. Occasionally I have used Captain Jack's Dead Bug (spinosad) on the plants to help kill insects. In the spring I also have a slug problem that I have used Sluggo to help abate.
Describe your primary disease challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual disease challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
Some powdery mildew happens on the squash; I can spray with a milk and water solution, but mostly I don't have much of an issue with diseases on the veggies or herbs.
Please list the water source you use for crop irrigation. If source is public river, pond or lake, please note the name: *
Private well at the main property, hand dug small well at rental property.
Are there any known contaminants in the irrigation water? *
no
Are you a maple producer who seeks to certify your sugarbush? *
no

Seeds, Transplants and Buffers

How do you select your seeds? CNG standards call for growers to make a good faith effort to locate organically grown seeds by contacting at least 3 major suppliers. *
I look for organic seeds from several sources. This year I bought from Pinetree Garden Seeds, Baker Creek, The Maine Potato Lady, Sustainable Seed Company
Do you purchase or grow using any Genetically Modified seeds? *
no
Do you use any chemically treated seeds in your operation? *
no
Do you grow your own transplants? *
yes
Do you purchase potting soil, or do you mix your own on the farm? *
Purchase
What ingredients does your potting mix contain? If you purchase a mix, please also indicate which product. *
Black Gold All-Purpose potting soil
Are all of your transplants grown according to CNG standards, without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? *
yes
If any transplants are not grown according to CNG standards, please list them here. (If they all are, put "N/A".) This produce may not be marketed as Certified Naturally Grown. *
n/a
Do you purchase any transplants from outside sources? *
yes
From which sources do you buy transplants? *
Occasionally I buy some shrubs or transplants online, from places such as GrowOrganic and Fedco. I have bought small herb or flower plant starters from Hart's Greenhouses in Brooklyn, CT. Almost none of these plants are harvested the year they are planted and they are all grown organically once I plant them.
How have you confirmed with your supplier that the transplants are grown without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? *
no
Please list any bought-in transplants not grown according to CNG standards. This produce may not be sold as Certified Naturally Grown (except, in the case of perennials, after twelve months of CNG cultivation). *
Asparagus, Hawthorn, Vitex, Cedar, Witch Hazel, Spruce, Uva Ursi, Viburnum opulus (all perrenials) Annuals: Stevia
Chemical/Spray Drift and Buffers:
Is there any likelihood of Chemical/Spray drift contamination of your fields? *
no
Do you have an adequate buffer to protect yourself from potential contamination? *
yes
Please describe your buffer. Be as specific as possible. On all sides, how far is it from your crops to the next closest use (road, conventional crop, residential yard)? Be sure to specify what is grown on neighboring land that is in agricultural use. For example: To the north and east, a wooded area of at least 100 yards separates us from the neighbor's corn fields, to the south is a fallow field at least 100 yards deep separating us from the road, and to the west about 60 feet separates our crops from a field where conventional corn and soybeans are grown. *
My yard is bordered on both sides by a 10+ foot tall hemlock hedge. The space we rent is in a field 100 yards from the road bordered by woods on a Certified Organic farm property.

Agreements

Please indicate your agreement with the following statements by checking the boxes.
I will not label, or in any way lead consumers to believe that produce not raised in accord with CNG standards is Certified Naturally GrownTM. *
I understand that I have to complete at least one (and hopefully more) Certification Inspection(s) of another farm in my area each year, and that the inspection will NOT be of the same farmer that inspected me. *
I have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown certification standards, I understand them, and I will abide by them. I understand that if I have any questions I may contact CNG for clarification. *
You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your farm:
I am a VERY small operation, utilizing various growing methods and building new garden beds often with found/repurposed materials. This has been our first season ever actually trying to market produce or goods so we are working on building a client base and are really just getting started.