Mushroom Application

Spanish Angel Farms

Owner: Richard Johnson

504 Cass Rd
Niangua, MO 65713
Webster County

daytime phone: (512) 576-5432
evening phone: (512) 567-7718

Application Date: 2019-10-24

Applicant Details

Please briefly tell us why you are applying to be part of the Certified Naturally Grown program. *
Founded in 2015, Spanish Angel Farms is a 92 acre woodland farm in Niangua, Missouri, created with the intent of becoming a Certified Naturally Grown and Certified Organic farm emphasizing sustainable practices. Spanish Angel Farms is currently producing shiitake mushrooms with an inventory of 300 oak mushroom logs and has an initial installation of 100 elderberry plants that will produce berries in the summer of 2020. The focus of this business plan is the expansion of both our mushroom log inventories and the number of acres planted in elderberry. Our philosophy is consistent with organically grown and certified organically grown practices of not using synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, or GMOs.
Are you currently third party Certified for your produce operation by any other organization (Organic, Biodynamic, etc)? *
Have you held any certification/s in the past that you don't currently hold? *
Have you ever been denied certification? *
How did you hear about Certified Naturally Grown? *
Springfield Community Gardens workshop

General Information

Check all types of mushrooms you intend to certify. Please include any types you intend to grow or harvest in the coming 24 months. *

Other types you'll be growing, not listed above:
Are there any mushroom types you grow or harvest for which you are NOT seeking certification? Please list all such types, and explain why you are not seeking to certify them.
Please check all markets you grow for (this will be displayed on your farm profile to help potential buyers find you). *

Please specify what other markets (if any).

Substrate, Supplements, and Other Materials

For each type of mushroom you produce, tell us about your substrate. (Put "N/A" or leave blank for any type you don't produce). Please indicate in the appropriate box below: 1) what you use for substrates and supplements (if any) and 2) the sources of these materials. Include names of products and distributors where appropriate. If any substrate is obtained from a non-commercial source, please describe that source.
Shiitake (Lentinula)
Substrate: Logs Logs are harvested from our forest within the 92 acres, in accordance to log removal that will maintain or help improve the overall health of our forest. We are seeking consultation from a professional forester to help us to develop an actual management plan. We do not use supplements. We do use a white "Agrofabric" to cover the mushrooms while they are fruiting. These covers are removed and stored during other times. These covers was purchased from Ozark Forest Mushrooms.
Oyster (Pleurotus)
We plan on expanding to grow oyster mushroom, but at the moment, we do not have any on the property.
King stropharia, garden giant, wine cap (Stropharia)
Reishi (Ganoderma)
Enoki, velvet foot (Flammulina)
Maitake, hen of the woods (Grifola)
Butterscotch mushroom (Nameko)
Lion's mane, pom-poms (Hericium)
Chicken of the woods (Laetiporus)
White button, portabella (Agaricus)
Other (please specify)
Did you remember to indicate, for each of the substrates and supplements noted above, the sources of these materials? You may use this space to say anything else about the substrates you're using or may want to use in the future.
We try to use black or white oak logs.
Do your substrates include corn, soy, cotton seed hulls, or other byproducts of crops that are grown commercially in GMO form? *
Do you use logs as a substrate? *
Do you adhere to all state or local quarantines for forest products that there may be in your region? *
Please describe any steps you take to ensure that the logs you use are harvested according to a forest management plan that will maintain or help improve the overall health of the forest. *
We go through a forest area and remove trees in order to benefit remaining trees.
What do you use to seal logs after inoculation? *
If you use wax, how do you confirm that it does not contain ethylene-propylene co-polymer, synthetic colors, or perfumes? *
Do you use wood chips, sawdust, sawdust blocks, or wood pellets? *
Do you use any of the following items as substrate: cardboard, paper, clothing, municipal compost, wood from rare trees harvested for mushroom production? *
Do you use manure as a substrate in your mushroom operation? *
Please describe all sterilization or pasteurization procedures and materials you use. (If none, please put N/A) *
How do you dispose of or re-purpose used substrate? Please indicate current practices as well as any plans you have for how the used substrate may be put to further productive use. *
We use the logs until they no longer fruit mushrooms. Then we cut the logs and use for fire wood to heat our house in the winter.
How do you ensure that nutrients from used substrate do not leach into waterways? *
We are far from water ways. We burn used logs no longer used for substrate.

Containers, Racks, and Beds

Please describe the racks and beds used in production (if any). What are they made of? *
There will be two types of racks. 1. Made of logs - tripod legs on each side that hold a long log in the middle. The mushroom logs are leaned up against the middle log. 2. Ends are made of metal t-posts, a wire will stretch between t-posts. The mushroom logs will lean up against the wire.
Please describe any containers used for sterilization, and/or pasteurization. What are they made of? *
Please describe any containers used for production. What are they made of? If you don't use containers for production (as for log-based production) you may answer "n/a". *
Were the containers purchased new or repurposed? If re-purposed, please describe how the containers had been used previously, and how you confirmed this with the supplier(s). *
In your operation, do any of the following materials come into direct contact with any substrate or fruiting bodies?Plastics that contain BPA, polystyrene, treated wood, railroad ties, containers that previously held toxic materials, re-purposed containers that had an unknown prior use *

Wild Harvest

CNG Mushroom certification covers cultivated mushrooms, not wild-crafted mushrooms. However, we include this section on the application for two reasons: #1 It is important to us that those who participate in our programs are mindful of the sustainability of the non-certified portions of their operations. #2 We want to give our members the opportunity to be transparent about their wild-crafting practices, and to minimize confusion about which mushrooms are certified.
Are any of the mushrooms you sell wild harvested (or "wildcrafted")? Yes/No *


What water contamination experts have you consulted to identify which contaminants are typically found in area water, and determine the tests that should be conducted? Relevant experts may include local or state health department officials, Natural Resource Conservation Service agents, state environmental protection or pollution control agencies, local well drilling and water testing companies. (If you haven't yet done this, please indicate who you will approach, and by when you expect to have completed this program requirement.) *
We use the water from our well. We took a sample to the Department of Health of Marshfield, MO and they verified that our water is safe. We have documentation.
Have you tested your water at the point of use for heavy metals or other contaminants that were identified by local water quality experts? When? What were the results? (If you haven't yet done this, please indicate by when you expect to have completed this program requirement.) *
We use the water from our well. We took a sample to the Department of Health of Marshfield, MO and they verified that our water is safe. We have documentation.
Do you use well water to mist or irrigate fruiting bodies? *
Do you use surface water to soak logs or to irrigate non-fruiting substrate? Surface water includes water from ponds, streams, and reservoirs. *
Do you ever use surface water to mist or irrigate fruiting bodies? *


Do you purchase spawn or produce your own or some of each? (If purchased, please list the supplier.) *
We purchase spawn from Sharondale Mushroom Farm - They are organic certified
CNG mushroom standards prohibit for spawn production the use of adhesives, byproducts of GMO crops, or other materials prohibited for use as substrate. Are you confident none of these materials were used as a growing media for the spawn? *

Pest & Disease Management

Describe your primary insect pest challenges AND methods of prevention and control. (Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate actual pest challenges or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage or how you would manage them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used.) *
We use the AgroFabric to keep pests off the mushrooms. In addition, we hand pick the slugs off the mushrooms.
Describe your primary disease challenges AND methods of prevention and control. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
As of yet, we have not had disease challenges. We are not sure what to do in the event of disease. We are in contact with Nicola from Ozark Forest Mushroom Farms for advice when things arise.

Site Location and Buffers

Is your operation either partially or entirely INdoors? *
Is your operation either partially or entirely OUTdoors? *
Please describe neighboring land uses to the north, south, east and west of your OUTdoor operation. *
We are in the middle of 92 acres. To the West there is Cattle To the East there is a large field of Hay To the North there is Hay and cattle To the South there is Cattle
Do these uses pose a risk of drift or contamination? *
East - No products used to the east. South - Glyphosate used on selected areas of cattle fields once per year for weed control. The forested area should proved an adequate buffer. West - Unknown -- North - Unknown --
What is the distance between your outdoor production area and the nearest sources of possible contamination? *
To the West there is 1/4 mile of woods from the cattle To the East there is 1 mile of woods from the Hay To the North there is 1/2 mile of woods from the Hay and cattle To the South there is 1/2 mile of woods from the Cattle
What other factors mediate the risk of contamination? (Prevailing wind patterns, windbreaks, method of spray, etc.) *
The farmer to the south targets certain areas for the localized application of glyphosate. However, there is 1/2 mile of woods from where he sprays.
Has your outdoor production area been treated with prohibited substances within the past 36 months? If so, by what was it treated, and when? *

Sustainability Initiatives

What measures have you taken to conserve energy, improve energy efficiency, and/or use energy from renewable sources? (This could include system design, siting, insulation, lighting choices, and more.)
All of our mushrooms logs are outdoors. We do not have lighting. We use well water for soaking of the logs.
Please use this space to highlight any other measures you take to reduce the environmental impact of your operation or to make it more sustainable in other ways.
The trees we use for logs are deliberately removed in order to benefit remaining trees.

Inspections & Networks

A core requirement of CNG certification is the on-site peer-review. Getting this completed is facilitated if you're a part of a network of mushroom producers who might serve as your inspector.
Are you a part of a network (informal or formal) of mushroom producers in your geographic area? *


I will not label, or in any way lead consumers to believe that a farm product not raised in accord with CNG standards is Certified Naturally Grown *
I understand that I have to complete at least one Inspection of another CNG mushroom producer in my area each year, if there is one within a one hour drive. *
I understand that the inspection I conduct will NOT be of the same producer that inspected me. *
I have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown mushroom certification standards, I understand them, and I will abide by them. If I have any questions I may contact CNG for clarification. *
You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your operation.