Killer Bees HoneyOwner: Sean Collinsworth
828 Evens Ridge Rd.
Lake Toxaway, NC 28747
daytime phone: (773) 913-6520
Web site: http://killerbeeshoney.com
Application Date: 2018-12-15
- Please briefly tell us why you are applying to have your apiary be part of the Certified Naturally Grown program. *
- 1) Educate the consumer on the importance of local, pure, sustainable and unadulterated honey. 2) Marketing advantage.
- Is the land on which your apiary sits currently certified (by CNG or another organization)? *
- Has the land on which your apiary sits ever been Certified in the past? *
- How did you hear about Certified Naturally Grown? *
- Bee Culture Magazine
- Please check all markets where you sell your honey. *
- You may use this space to specify where customers can purchase your honey (this will be displayed on your profile to help customers find you).
- We are mainly an eCommerce business. We also sell a great deal of honey and related products during our tours.
- How many hives are in your apiary (or apiaries)? *
- 70 hives located in three apiaries
- Before continuing, please take a moment to review the 5 steps to Apiary Certification. (You may do this by clicking the link below.) Are they clear? *
Apiary Location and Position
- Some beekeepers seek certification for more than one apiary. Please provide the location (or locations) of the apiary (or apiaries) for which you seek certification. *
- 1) 828 Evens Ridge Rd. Lake Toxaway, NC 28747 / +035.1692 - 82.9129 (it's wrong on Google maps or other GPS systems) 2) 192 Ole Looney Coon Rd, Brevard, NC 3) Skyterra Wellness: 1 Indian Creek Dr. Lake Toxaway, NC 28747
- Briefly describe the landscape where the apiary is located. What surrounds the apiary? What are the nectar sources? *
- Our apiary is surrounded by 512,000 farm-free acres of the Pisgah National Forest. The nearest agriculture is over 10 miles away.
- Do you own or manage the land on which your apiary is located? (If at least one of your apiaries is on land you own or manage, answer yes.) *
- Do you agree not to use on this land any synthetic materials that are not allowed under the CNG produce or honey programs? *
- We agree.
- Use this space to describe any land management practices you use to support the honey bee population. *
- We have planted over 5000 pollinator plants on our property.
- Within each apiary for which you seek certification, do you manage any hives "conventionally", using practices or substances that are not allowed under the CNG apiary standards? *
Hive Construction, Components, and Brood Comb Removal
- Do your hives have any paint or chemical treatment on the interior surface of the hive? *
- Do you have, or will you develop, a labeling system and schedule to ensure removal of at least 20% of brood frame per year, such that there is never brood comb present that is more than 5 years old? *
- Please briefly describe your brood comb removal practices to date, and your plans for the coming seasons. *
- We rotate out brood comb every three years.
- Does your apiary contain brood comb that A) is from another beekeeper (including from purchased nuc), or B) has been exposed to Tylan, or C) has been exposed to three or more treatments of fluvalinate (Apistan, Mavrik) or amitraz (Miticur, Taktic, or Mitak)? *
- Has any wax or comb in your apiary ever been exposed to coumaphos (CheckMite+) or fenpyroximate (Hivastan), or more than six indirect exposures of coumaphos (CheckMite+), hydramethylnon or fipronil (Max Force Gel roach baite) as closed trapping for SHBs?
General Bee Maintenance and Care
- Describe how you maintain your bee population from one season to the next. Do you rely on survivor colonies, incorporate feral colonies, purchase new bees every year, or some combination of these and/or other practices? *
- We purchase packages from the Carolina Honey Bee Company. We purchase nucs from Blue Ridge Honey (GA). We split survivor stock and graft queens from our (and only our) overwintered colonies. We have a trap line of 16 swarm traps throughout the forest and catch as many swarms as possible. Doubtful if feral. We do all these things in differences of scale depending on our apiary needs.
- Do you sometimes feed the bees when honey supers are on the hive, or within two weeks before honey super addition? *
- If and when your bees require supplemental feeding, what do you feed them? Please be specific and include all ingredients. *
- Cane sugar with Mann Lake ProHealth.
Management of Pests and Disease
- Varroa Mite
- Please briefly describe what measures you take to suppress the Varroa mite population in your hives. *
- We use only organic methods; Oxalic and formic acid. Using the sugar shake method to count. We treat when mite to bee ratio exceeds nine mites per 300 bees (>3%). If any hive exceeds threshold, we treat the entire apiary.
- How do you monitor mite population levels? When and how often? *
- I would periodically check random hives throughout the season. Because of the extreme issue I and many other local beekeepers had with mites and DWV this year, I will be incorporating mite counts during our tours (participants suit up and inspect hives with me and my mentee). We will thus be monitoring two hives, twice a week. We rotate hives during the tour. Thus, the same hive will not be disturbed every week.
- Before treating any hive for Varroa mites, will you monitor the Varroa mite infestation level to determine whether it exceeds the treatment threshold set by your local network? (If you run a survivor colony, and you never treat, please answer Yes.) *
- If you choose to treat colonies infested with Varroa mites, will you keep records of treatment methods, along with pre- and post-treatment monitoring results? *
- American and European Foulbrood
- How do you prevent and treat American Foulbrood (AFB) and European Foulbrood (EFB)? *
- I've never had AFB or EFB in our apiary.
- How do you prevent and treat Nosema? *
- I've seen N. apis in late spring. Especially if we get a cold snap. I usually let it play out. I am one of only two NC beekeepers who take part in a USDA study that monitors a number of hive afflictions. Luckily, I have had no issues with C. apis.
- Other Diseases
- What has been your experience with other diseases (such as chalkbrood, viral diseases, wax moths, small hive beetle)? How have you dealt with them? How will you deal with them if they recur? *
- Sweet Jesus. Where do I begin? If my hives are strong, I rarely have any issues with the aforementioned afflictions. If they become weak, as many did this year, I pretty much have it all with the exception of wax moths. I deal with any issue by trying to maintain healthy hives. I'm absolute death on vorroa as they are the vector for most viral pathogens.
- What measures do you take, if any, to protect the hives against pests such as mice, skunks, possums, raccoons, and bears? *
- No issue with animals except bears of which we have plenty. I mean... a lot of black bears. Nothing an electric fence(s) carrying 13kV at 1.5 joules can't handle.
- Please describe any other practices you follow to help strengthen the bee population under your care.
- If there is any question about our practices, check out some of my blogs on the subject. Having said that, we are a non migratory apiary which in every possible way, maintain a sustainable, caring and safe environment for our girls.
Colonies Engaged in Pollination Services
- Are your colonies engaged in pollination by contract? *
- Are you a part of a local network of beekeepers using natural methods? This could be a formal network like a county beekeepers association, or it could be an informal network of beekeepers in your area with a commitment to using natural methods. *
- If this is a formal network please indicate the name of the network below. (If it is not a formal network, please simply write "informal".) *
- If this is an informal network, please indicate below the names of at least two other beekeepers who participate. They do not need to be CNG beekeepers, but they do need to have some commitment to and knowledge of natural practices. (If you're part of a formal network, please simply write "see above") *
- Jenn Harper. Mike Elliot
- Please indicate your agreement with the following statements by entering your name/s in the spaces following the statements.
- I/we will only use the Certified Naturally Grown name and label on apiary products (honey, pollen, propolis) that are in fact from the CNG apiaries described in this application. *
- Sean Collinsworth
- I/we understand that CNG beeswax certification is a separate process (not yet available in 2010), and that the basic Apiary Certification doesn't confer CNG status on beeswax. *
- Sean Collinsworth
- I/we understand the CNG work requirements: A) To complete at least one certification inspection of another CNG apiary in my area each year. B) To arrange at least two annual inspections of my/our apiary, to be carried out by qualified inspectors as outlined in CNG informational materials. *
- Sean Collinsworth
- I/we have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown standards, understand them, and will abide by them. I/we understand that if I/we have any questions I/we may contact CNG for clarification. *
- Sean Collinsworth
- You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your farm:
- Killer Bees Honey sends their honey to be pollen tested at Texas A&M and Intertek in Germany to be tested for fungicides, miticides, legal or illegal antibiotics, pesticides and herbicides. This included a test for glyphosate. All 60 analysis from Intetek came back, "None Detected." We are the only artisanal honey producer in the USA which publishes all results online for the public to see. https://www.killerbeeshoney.com/blogs/musings/analysis-confirms-killer-bees-honey-is-100-pure-natural