Produce & Flowers
Tooth of the Lion Farm and ApothecaryOwner: Katelyn Melvin
1025 Red Dale Road
Orwigsburg, PA 17961
daytime phone: (610) 613-8040
Web site: http://www.toothofthelion.com
Application Date: 2017-05-30
- Please briefly tell us why you are applying to be part of the Certified Naturally Grown program: *
- I'd like to expand my sales to local retailers and would like to demonstrate my growing practices to customers more effectively. My operation is too small for organic certification at the time, and I appreciate the grassroots nature of the CNG program.
- Are you currently third party Certified for your produce operation by any other organization (Organic, Biodynamic, etc)? *
- Have you ever been certified in the past? *
- Have you ever been denied certification? *
- How did you hear about Certified Naturally Grown? *
- Farmer friend
- How did you learn to farm, and for how long have you been farming for market? What has prepared you to farm successfully according to CNG standards? *
General Farm Information
- Farm Acreage you want listed as Certified Naturally GrownTM:
- Total Farm Acreage you actually GROW on: *
- Number of above acreage that you own: *
- Number of above acreage that you lease: *
- Do you have other acreage in "Conventional" Agricultural Systems? *
- General Listed Acreage Breakdown
- Veg Crops:
- Fruit Crops:
- Other Acreage:
- Please check all items you grow and will market as Certified Naturally GrownTM *
- Please Specify Any Other Items:
- We utilize our herbs in value-added products made on-farm, including tea blends, tinctures and bulk dried herbs. All 5 acres are in crop rotations of herbs and flowers.
- Please check all markets you grow for (this will be displayed on your farm profile to help potential buyers find you). *
- Please Specify Other Markets:
Farmland Management and Practices
- Primary Tillage System: *
- We use a spader for the majority of our tillage, and have a neighbor disc our annual fields once per year. Perennial herb fields are spaded 3-4x before planting, then are maintained as is for 2-3 years until we replant and rotate crops.
- Do you use Cover Crops? *
- If yes, please list: *
- We rotate our fields to have about 2 acres fallow per year. These fields get one or more of the following spring/summer cover crops: sorghum-sudangrass, oats/red clover, vetch, All fields are cover cropped in winter, including one of the following: winter wheat, rye, oats, clover, peas.
- Do you use Compost? *
- If yes, please note general sources (on farm, purchased complete, local grass clippings, local dairy, etc.): *
- Certified organic mushroom compost delivered from Mother Earth Mushrooms in Chester County, Pa.
- Please list application rates. Give a specific amount or range (for example: one to two tons per acre, ten wheelbarrow loads per 1,000 square feet, or 1-2 inches deep). Do not answer "varies". *
- one truck bed (4-5 tractor bucket scoops) per 300 bed feet
- Do you use Manure? *
- Please list any other brought in fertility sources that you use (specific rock powders, lime, soybean / alfalfa meal, specific purchased pre-mixes, etc)and how often it's used. If you indicate a name brand product, please also specify the ingredient/s. *
- Granular fertilizer - Organic Garden Top Dress 2-1-4 from Lancaster Ag Products Ingredients: soft phosphate with colloidal clay, amino acid complex, sulfate of potash, ground limestone, marl, gypsum, humus, magnesium sulfate, organic kelp, humates, calcium borate, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, fish meal, microbiological soil stimulant Applied before each planting of annual crops at 16 lbs per 300 ft bed.
- Have any chemical fertilizers been applied to the fields you are seeking Certification for in the last three years (36 months)? *
- Have any non-acceptable pesticides and/or herbicides been applied to these fields in the last 3 years? *
- Do you use Professional Soil Testing services? *
- Describe your primary weed problems AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual weed challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
- Since our fields were fallow for the past 3 years, we have a significant problem with perennial weeds this year, including canada thistle, burdock and aster as well as some small mulberries and other woody plants. We are spading each bed 3-6 times before planting to work up the roots of the these plants, which is effective with the aster and woodies but ineffective with thistle. Thistle is mostly hand-dug and wheel hoed this year to keep it under control. We are using landscape fabric in our fields with heaviest thistle pressure. We have 20 300' beds under landscape fabric this year, and hope to add more each year. We are seeding clover in these pathways to keep the weeds down in that field. Our other fields are cultivated regularly using hand hoes and our wheel hoe, and we hand weed when necessary. We have never used any insecticides, except for diluted vinegar twice/year on field edges to defoliate poison ivy plants.
- Describe your primary insect challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual pest challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
- For occasional insect problems, we would use BT (DiPel brand), diatomaceous earth, or in extreme circumstances, pyrethrin (PyGanic brand) on an as-needed basis to control pests. We limit the use of these sprays until we decide that there is economic damage being done to our crops. We do our best to prevent insect damage through a plant-positive approach: regular foliar sprays, close monitoring and attention to soil health.
- Describe your primary disease challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual disease challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
- Our disease challenges in the field this year could include powdery mildew, which we would control with a diluted milk foliar spray, rust and fusarium wilt. We manage these disease primarily by prevention: proper crop spacing, crop rotation, and maintaining clean, weed free beds. To prevent dampening off in the greenhouse, we use vermiculite to top the flats, water closely, sanitize flats before use, and keep the greenhouse well ventilated.
- Please list the water source you use for crop irrigation. If source is public river, pond or lake, please note the name: *
- We use a farm well (separate from our house well) for all crop irrigation.
- Are there any known contaminants in the irrigation water? *
- Are you a maple producer who seeks to certify your sugarbush? *
Seeds, Transplants and Buffers
- How do you select your seeds? CNG standards call for growers to make a good faith effort to locate organically grown seeds by contacting at least 3 major suppliers. *
- Do you purchase or grow using any Genetically Modified seeds? *
- Do you use any chemically treated seeds in your operation? *
- Do you grow your own transplants? *
- Do you purchase potting soil, or do you mix your own on the farm? *
- What ingredients does your potting mix contain? If you purchase a mix, please also indicate which product. *
- Are all of your transplants grown according to CNG standards, without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? *
- If any transplants are not grown according to CNG standards, please list them here. (If they all are, put "N/A".) This produce may not be marketed as Certified Naturally Grown. *
- Do you purchase any transplants from outside sources? *
- From which sources do you buy transplants? *
- Peace Tree Farm
- How have you confirmed with your supplier that the transplants are grown without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? *
- They are certified organic
- Please list any bought-in transplants not grown according to CNG standards. This produce may not be sold as Certified Naturally Grown (except, in the case of perennials, after twelve months of CNG cultivation). *
- Yes - lisianthus plugs were bought from Farmer Bailey, who contracts with Gro N Sell, and were not grown organically. These lisianthus are the only of our crops that will not be sold as CNG.
- Chemical/Spray Drift and Buffers:
- Is there any likelihood of Chemical/Spray drift contamination of your fields? *
- Do you have an adequate buffer to protect yourself from potential contamination? *
- Please describe your buffer. Be as specific as possible. On all sides, how far is it from your crops to the next closest use (road, conventional crop, residential yard)? Be sure to specify what is grown on neighboring land that is in agricultural use. For example: To the north and east, a wooded area of at least 100 yards separates us from the neighbor's corn fields, to the south is a fallow field at least 100 yards deep separating us from the road, and to the west about 60 feet separates our crops from a field where conventional corn and soybeans are grown. *
- To the East our fields are seperated from the road by a steep, 10-ft high bank and about 5-10 yards of grass; to the south, fields are separated from road by a small bank and about 10-20 yards of fallow field; to the north, fields are separated by about 5 yards of grass pathway and a fence from the neighbor's yard (grass mowed once/week, not sprayed); and to the west separated from the neighbors by a steep bank of about 20 yards and creek at the bottom. There are no agricultural fields directly abutting our fields; the neighbors just have mown lawns.
- Please indicate your agreement with the following statements by checking the boxes.
- I will not label, or in any way lead consumers to believe that produce not raised in accord with CNG standards is Certified Naturally GrownTM. *
- I understand that I have to complete at least one (and hopefully more) Certification Inspection(s) of another farm in my area each year, and that the inspection will NOT be of the same farmer that inspected me. *
- I have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown certification standards, I understand them, and I will abide by them. I understand that if I have any questions I may contact CNG for clarification. *
- You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your farm: