Produce & Flowers

Kneehigh Farm

Owner: Emma Cunniff

3500 Coventryville Rd
Pottstown, PA 19465
Montgomery County

Mailing Address:
3140 Coventryville Rd
Pottstown, PA 19465

daytime phone: (831) 331-7086
Web site:

Application Date: 2016-10-23

Applicant Details

Please briefly tell us why you are applying to be part of the Certified Naturally Grown program: *
We are a small chemical-free vegetable farm that sells primarily through CSA. However, this year, we are selling through a farmers market, and are looking to expand to 2 markets in 2017. Many customers ask if we are organic, and for a variety of reasons, we've chosen not to be. I like having these conversations with customers, but I would love to direct them to another source of education and reassurance that we grow naturally and "organically". I like the idea of being inspected by other farmers, as well as getting to see others' operations as an inspector. A farm near us is certified and greatly recommended it.
Are you currently third party Certified for your produce operation by any other organization (Organic, Biodynamic, etc)? *
Have you ever been certified in the past? *
Have you ever been denied certification? *
How did you hear about Certified Naturally Grown? *
Our friends at Broad Wing Farm recommended we look into certification.
How did you learn to farm, and for how long have you been farming for market? What has prepared you to farm successfully according to CNG standards? *

General Farm Information

Farm Acreage you want listed as Certified Naturally GrownTM:
Total Farm Acreage you actually GROW on: *
Number of above acreage that you own: *
Number of above acreage that you lease: *
Do you have other acreage in "Conventional" Agricultural Systems? *
General Listed Acreage Breakdown
Veg Crops:
Fruit Crops:
Other Acreage:
cover crop
Please check all items you grow and will market as Certified Naturally GrownTM *

Please Specify Any Other Items:
**We grow one variety of cucumbers - White Sun - that is imported from Korea, and is treated to comply with phytosanitary regulations. We understand that these cannot be marketed as CNG and we will not label them as CNG.**
Please check all markets you grow for (this will be displayed on your farm profile to help potential buyers find you). *

Please Specify Other Markets:

Farmland Management and Practices

Primary Tillage System: *
Chisel Plow and disc
Do you use Cover Crops? *
If yes, please list: *
Winter rye, Austrian Peas, Oats, Vetch, Clover, Sudangrass, Sun Hemp trial next year
Do you use Compost? *
If yes, please note general sources (on farm, purchased complete, local grass clippings, local dairy, etc.): *
mushroom compost purchased from mother earth organics
Please list application rates. Give a specific amount or range (for example: one to two tons per acre, ten wheelbarrow loads per 1,000 square feet, or 1-2 inches deep). Do not answer "varies". *
50 tons/acre for our first year getting established. Will not apply after this
Do you use Manure? *
Please list any other brought in fertility sources that you use (specific rock powders, lime, soybean / alfalfa meal, specific purchased pre-mixes, etc)and how often it's used. If you indicate a name brand product, please also specify the ingredient/s. *
Gypsum, rock phosphate, pre-mixed McGeary's 5-3-4 (Soybean Meal, Blood Meal, Compost, Colloidal Phosphate, Bone Meal, Langbeinite) & 3-5-3 (Soybean Meal, Blood Meal, Steamed Bone Meal, Colloidal Phosphate, Langbeinite, Gypsum, Compost) fertilizers, potash
Have any chemical fertilizers been applied to the fields you are seeking Certification for in the last three years (36 months)? *
Have any non-acceptable pesticides and/or herbicides been applied to these fields in the last 3 years? *
Do you use Professional Soil Testing services? *
Describe your primary weed problems AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual weed challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
Thistle, Foxtail, and sedge are our primary weed issues. The farmers before us let all the weeds go to seed, and we have been managing the weed seed bank this year intensively. We mechanically cultivate, hand cultivate (hoe, hand weed) bare fallow, densely cover crop, use plastic mulch for some varieties
Describe your primary insect challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual pest challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
Flea beetles, Mexican Bean beetles, Cabbage moths/worms, cucumber beetles, allium leaf miner, root maggot, wireworms, armyworms, colorado potato beetle. Our management is different for the various pests. We use row covers to protect from most of them. We hand pick potato beetles. We have chosen not to grow beans because of the MBB. We tried a mixture of row cover and Entrust for the ALM. We spray BT for the cabbage worm and armyworm.
Describe your primary disease challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual disease challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
Powdery mildew, Downy mildew, early blight, septoria, Pepper anthracnose. We sprayed oxidate once or twice on greenhouse starts, but otherwise, have been removing diseased crops, and allowing adequate ventilation. Thinking of preventatively spraying copper next year.
Please list the water source you use for crop irrigation. If source is public river, pond or lake, please note the name: *
Well water, 15 gal/minute
Are there any known contaminants in the irrigation water? *
Are you a maple producer who seeks to certify your sugarbush? *

Seeds, Transplants and Buffers

How do you select your seeds? CNG standards call for growers to make a good faith effort to locate organically grown seeds by contacting at least 3 major suppliers. *
Do you purchase or grow using any Genetically Modified seeds? *
Do you use any chemically treated seeds in your operation? *
Do you grow your own transplants? *
Do you purchase potting soil, or do you mix your own on the farm? *
What ingredients does your potting mix contain? If you purchase a mix, please also indicate which product. *
Are all of your transplants grown according to CNG standards, without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? *
If any transplants are not grown according to CNG standards, please list them here. (If they all are, put "N/A".) This produce may not be marketed as Certified Naturally Grown. *
Do you purchase any transplants from outside sources? *
Chemical/Spray Drift and Buffers:
Is there any likelihood of Chemical/Spray drift contamination of your fields? *
Do you have an adequate buffer to protect yourself from potential contamination? *
Please describe your buffer. Be as specific as possible. On all sides, how far is it from your crops to the next closest use (road, conventional crop, residential yard)? Be sure to specify what is grown on neighboring land that is in agricultural use. For example: To the north and east, a wooded area of at least 100 yards separates us from the neighbor's corn fields, to the south is a fallow field at least 100 yards deep separating us from the road, and to the west about 60 feet separates our crops from a field where conventional corn and soybeans are grown. *
The land we lease is located on 500 acres of preserved land dedicated to organic/sustainable farming. We are surrounded by French Creek and wooded areas on all sides leading to other properties.


Please indicate your agreement with the following statements by checking the boxes.
I will not label, or in any way lead consumers to believe that produce not raised in accord with CNG standards is Certified Naturally GrownTM. *
I understand that I have to complete at least one (and hopefully more) Certification Inspection(s) of another farm in my area each year, and that the inspection will NOT be of the same farmer that inspected me. *
I have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown certification standards, I understand them, and I will abide by them. I understand that if I have any questions I may contact CNG for clarification. *
You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your farm:
We moved to this property February of 2016, but it has been farmed organically for at least the past 5-10 years. We are in the process of regenerating a very poorly managed site, and increasing fertility through intensive cover crops and rotation. We rent 7 acres, but we grow vegetables on about 3 of it, since our soil fertility needs so much attention. We are excited to make this land a better place for future farmers